"possibly the most contentious person on Earth"
Probably no SF writer in history has so polarised opinion as Harlan Ellison (1934 - 2018). And yet this polarity was not driven by his writing - most SF readers would agree he was a significant talent whose written work was generally good. Indeed, his stories varied from the merely interesting to literary works of genuine worth. No, it was his brash, acerbic, confrontational character that divided fans. Though many, like me, tend to agree with many of his regular hobby-horse rants. Check out YouTube, to view some of his many cutting comments and rants on the modern world, film, fandom and stupidity.
Ellison was most famous for his short stories, as he wrote few novels, but with his short stories he hoovered up so many major awards in his heyday, he was widely regarded as the greatest SF short story writer of his time. Indeed he perhaps remains the genre's greatest short story writer of any time. His other main achievements were in developing and editing the famous SF anthologies Dangerous Visions, and Again, Dangerous Visions and for his screenwriting (including possibly the best Star Trek Original Series episode recorded: The City on the Edge of Forever).
SFWA Grand Master Award (2006)
Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films (USA)
Golden Scroll (Career Award, 1976)
British Fantasy Award
Jeffty Is Five (short story, 1979)
British Science Fiction Award
Deathbird Stories (collection, 1978)
"Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman (short fiction, 1966)
"I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream" (short story, 1968)
The City on the Edge of Forever (dramatic presentation, 1968)
Dangerous Visions (Worldcon special award, 1968)
The Beast that Shouted Love at the Heart of the World (short story, 1969)
Again, Dangerous Visions (Worldcon special award, 1972)
The Deathbird (novelette, 1974)
Adrift Just Off the Islets of Langerhans (novelette, 1975)
Jeffty Is Five (short story, 1978)
Paladin of the Lost Hour (novelette, 1986)
"Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman (short story, 1966)
A Boy and His Dog (novella, 1970)
Jeffty Is Five (short story, 1978)
How Interesting: A Tiny Man (short story, 2011)
Writers Guild of America
Demon with a Glass Hand - The Outer Limits (Original Teleplay, 1965)
The City on the Edge of Forever - Star Trek (Original Teleplay, 1967)
Phoenix Without Ashes - The Starlost (Dramatic Episode, 1974)
Paladin of the Lost Hour - The Twilight Zone (Episode/Single Program, 1987)
World Fantasy Award
Angry Candy (Collection, 1989)
Lifetime Achievement Award, 1993
The Man with Nine Lives (1960) - short novel - half of Ellison's ACE 'double'
Doomsman (1967) - short novel in Belmont 'double'
Phoenix Without Ashes (1975) - co-authored with Edward Bryant
Blood's a Rover (2018) - a "fix-up" novel of several novellas
Harlan Ellison is most well known (and rightly so) for his short stories. Many of the best of these have been anthologised in SF collections by other editors, but he published many of them (following their appearance as stories in the SF magazines of the day) in his own collections. I've read a few of these collections and they are highly recommended. Most of Harlan's collections gather several of his latest stories published around the time of the collection (and generally not published in other books) as well as including numerous older pieces (i.e. from the 1950's) that have often not been collected previously either. The 'best' collections to seek out, in the sense that they mainly collect stories for the the first time in book-form at the time they were published (i.e. major books from Ellison's), are shown in bold in the list below.
A Touch of Infinity (1960) - half of ACE double along with The Man with Nine Lives
Gentleman Junkie and Other Stories of the Hung-Up Generation (1961)
Ellison Wonderland (1962) - good early collection reviewed on this site (also pub. as Earthman Go Home)
Paingod and Other Delusions (1965)
I Have No Mouth and I Must Scream (1967) - contains the titular classic
From the Land of Fear (1967)
Love Ain't Nothing But Sex Misspelled (1968)
The Beast That Shouted Love at the Heart of the World (1969) - award-winning collection
Over the Edge (1970) - half mid-50's stories, half 1968-1970 stories
Alone Against Tomorrow: Stories of Alienation in Speculative Fiction (1971) - terrific collection - akin to an early 'best of'
Partners in Wonder (1971) - stories co-authored with 14 other authors
Approaching Oblivion (1974)
Deathbird Stories (1975) -
No Doors, No Windows (1975) - mostly non-genre stories 1957-1975 (only one SF)
Strange Wine (1978) - collects stories all first published 1975-1977
The Illustrated Harlan Ellison (1978) - illustrated anthology 1957-1978
Shatterday (1980) - mostly late 1970's stories
Stalking the Nightmare (1982) - mixture of '50's stories and contemporaneous work
The Essential Ellison - A 35-Year Retrospective (1987) - a 'best of' collection
Angry Candy (1988) - award-winning collection
Mind Fields (1994) - stories inspired by artist Jacek Yerka
Slippage (1997) - previously uncollected stories from '80's and '90's
Troublemakers (2001) - mostly old stories; one new story - aimed at YA market
The Essential Ellison - A 50-Year Retrospective (2001) - updated 'best of' collection
The Top of the Volcano: The Award-Winning Stories of Harlan Ellison (2014) - another 'best of'
Can & Can'tankerous (2015) - late stories from the 2000's
Ellison Under Glass: Stories Written in Windows (2019)
Dangerous Visions (1967)
Again, Dangerous Visions (1972)
The Last Dangerous Visions (unpublished - but possibly coming soon with major changes & updates)
The Outer Limits - Demon with a Glass Hand
Star Trek: The Original Series - The City on the Edge of Forever
[Harlan also wrote several scripts for The Twilight Zone and Babylon 5.]
On Stupidity and Ignorance
You are not entitled to your opinion. You are entitled to your informed opinion. No one is entitled to be ignorant.
I don't mind you thinking I'm stupid, but don't talk to me like I'm stupid.
The two most common elements in the universe are hydrogen and stupidity.
In these days of widespread illiteracy, functional illiteracy... anything that keeps people stupid is a felony.
The world is turning into a cesspool of imbeciles.
On Being Angry and Difficult
I'm like a snake sleeping on a rock. I won't bother you unless you poke a stick at me.
I go to bed angry every night, and I get up angrier every morning.
I don't remember anyone who could stand being in my company for more than five hours without running into the street.
On Writing and Literature
I don't think I've ever really been a science fiction writer. I'm closer to a fantasist, speculative fiction, whatever, but labels are ultimately derogatory, and I eschew them as best I can.
Everywhere I go, I find that writers are treated as if they are invisible, as if they don't matter.
Writing is the hardest work in the world. I have been a bricklayer and a truck driver, and I tell you – as if you haven't been told a million times already – that writing is harder. Lonelier. And nobler and more enriching.
It is not merely enough to love literature if one wishes to spend one's life as a writer. It is a dangerous undertaking on the most primitive level. For, it seems to me, the act of writing with serious intent involves enormous personal risk. It entails the ongoing courage for self-discovery. It means one will walk forever on the tightrope, with each new step presenting the possibility of learning a truth about oneself that is too terrible to bear.
There might be children in Somalia or the Arctic who have never heard of 'Hamlet' or the 'Great Gatsby.' But you can bet they know 'Tarzan.'
On TV and Technology
You watch enough TV, and very soon the inside of your head has become a vast, arid plain, across which you cannot detect the passage of a thought.
I hate when a director says to me 'Here's how I envision this scene'...excuse me? It's right here in the script - I 'envisioned' it FOR you. Do what I wrote. If you want to 'envision', you should become a writer. Where the fuck were you when the page was blank?
We've got technological wonders around us, and we've used them to abrogate all responsibility for everything in our lives.
Thoughts on Life
If you make people think they're thinking, they'll love you; but if you really make them think, they'll hate you.
The minute people fall in love they become liars.